What Causes Infertility and How it is Treated?

infertility and how it is treated

What Causes Infertility and How it is Treated?

Causes of Infertility in Men

The following are the causes that affect the men fertility which stops him to become the father these are:

•    Poor or unhealthy functioning of men sperm which includes the quality of his sperm. By the quality of sperm, it means that how well and quick the men sperm move and travel to meet the woman’s egg.

•    Varicocele is a condition in which veins inside man’s testicles gets large and causes them to overheat.  This heat may affect the number or shape of the sperm.

•    The quality of men sperm can be affected if there is any bacterial infection inside the man’s testicles such as sexually transmitted infection (STI).

•    Cancerous or non-cancerous growths.

•    Imbalance or changes in hormones.

•    Tubes which carry the sperms of man are blocked.

•    Genetic disorders.

•    Medicines, especially those treating cancer, fungus, and ulcers.

•    If a man has undergone for any surgery like vasectomy which prevents sperm from leaving the testicles.

•    Regular intake of alcohol, drugs, and smokes.

•    Exposure to industrial chemicals and heavy metals.

•    Radiation and X-rays.

•    The fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal advise the men not to wear tight underwear or pants as it can overheat the men testicles which cause infertility. It can also happen by using a hot tub for extended periods.

Causes of infertility in Women

The following are the causes that affect the women fertility which stops her to get pregnant and these are:

•    A process in which the women egg leaves her ovary and travels to meet the men sperm which is known as ovulation period. But in some cases, women face difficulty while ovulating every month and this makes harder for her to become pregnant.

•    Women need proper functioning of her fallopian tubes, ovaries, and uterus to get pregnant. If any of these her organs are not working properly it can contribute to women infertility.

•    Disease and disorders which include endometriosis. Endometriosis is a disease or disorder in which women uterine tissue grows outside her uterus or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in which women have enlarged ovaries that contains fluid-filled sacs.

•    If women period stop before the age of 40 years will cause infertility in women which make difficult for her to get pregnant. It may be tied to her immune system disease, cancer treatments, or a genetic syndrome.

•    If she has undergone any cancer treatments such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy which affects her fertility.

•    Regular intake of smoke, alcohol and other drug make pregnancy difficult for women.

•    Medicines, especially those treating cancer, fungus, and ulcers.

•    If women are planning to get pregnant then her weight should be according to her body mass index (BMI) as overweight or underweight can also affect the woman’s fertility which decreases her chances of conception. So, it is advisable to maintain an ideal weight to conceive a baby.

•    Uncontrolled diabetes, autoimmune diseases in which your body attack itself, celiac disease, etc. can make pregnancy difficult for a woman.

What fertility tests required for men?

The fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal suggest the following tests to be done to check infertility in men and these are:

a)    Semen Analysis: Your fertility expert will ask for one or more semen specimens. Generally, semen can be obtained by masturbating or by interrupting intercourse and you can ejaculate your semen into a clean container. The laboratory person will analyses your semen specimen.

b)    Hormone testing: Your fertility expert will ask you for the blood test so that they are able to determine the level of testosterone and other male hormones.

c)    Imaging: There are certain cases in which imaging studies required such as a brain MRI, bone mineral density scan, Transrectal or scrotal ultrasound may be performed.

d)    Genetic testing: The purpose to perform genetic testing to determine whether there is a genetic defect which causes infertility in men.

What fertility tests required for women?

The fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal suggest the following tests to be done to check infertility in women and these are:

a)    Ovulation testing: This can be tested through a blood test which measures the levels of hormones to determine whether you are ovulating or not.

b)    Ovarian reserve testing: With the help of this test your fertility expert will able to check the quality and quantity of the eggs available for ovulation. This approach can also begin with hormone testing early in the menstrual cycle.

c)    Hysterosalpingography: Hysterosalpingography is a test which evaluates the condition of your fallopian tubes and uterus and also looks is there any blockages or other problems. Your fertility expert will also perform an X-ray which will be injected into your uterus. The X-ray is taken to determine if the cavity is normal and to ensure that the fluid spills out of your fallopian tubes.

d)    Another hormone testing: This test is performed to check the levels of ovulatory hormones, as well as pituitary hormones which control your reproductive processes.

Infertility Treatment for Men

a)    Medications: The men infertility can be treated by using certain medications which increase testicular function, including sperm production and quality.

b)    Surgery: Your fertility expert will perform surgery to reverse a sperm blockage and restore fertility.

c)    Sperm retrieval: With the help of this technique your fertility expert will able to obtain sperm when there is no sperm are present in the ejaculated fluid.

Infertility Treatment for women

a)    Ovulation with fertility drugs: Your fertility expert will give you some fertility drugs which are one of the best treatments for women who are infertile due to ovulation disorders. These medications will help in regulating or inducing ovulation.

b)    Intrauterine insemination (IUI): IUI is a first line infertility treatment in which your fertility expert will place the healthy sperm of men directly into your uterus around the time when your ovary releases one or more eggs to fertilize. Depending on the reasons for infertility, the timing of the IUI treatment will be coordinated with your normal cycle or with fertility medications.

c)    Surgery: If you are dealing with the uterine problems such as endometrial polyps, intrauterine scar tissue or a uterine septum then these conditions can be treated with hysteroscopy surgery.


infertility treatment nepal

Is a Woman alone Responsible for infertility?

This is a myth that women are always responsible for the cause of infertility. Infertility is a disorder of hormones which can affect the men and women fertility; hence both are equally responsible for the cause of infertility. According to the study, about one-third of infertility cases are caused by women’s problems. Another one-third of fertility problems are due to the man and the rest of the cases are caused by a mixture of male and female problems or by unknown problems. But we are leaving in a male dominating society where they do not accept that men are equally responsible for not conceiving a baby. When they meet their doctor and came to know that not only women but men also dealing with the cause of infertility which means there is poor or low sperm count, sperm not present in ejaculate etc. can be the reason. After that, they decide to undergo some fertility treatments to fulfill their dream of having their own baby.

What is infertility?

Infertility is an ability not to conceive a baby after having regular intercourse for more than 12 months. Women who can get pregnant but are unable to stay pregnant may also be infertile. But with the advancement in medical science, the Fertility Center Nepal has various fertility treatments which help infertile couples to conceive a baby.

What are the factors that cause men fertility?

The following are the factors that cause man’s fertility and these are:

  • Poor functioning of man’s sperm that includes the quality of the man’s sperm.
  • Changes in man’s hormone levels.
  • Blockage in man’s tube which carries sperms can cause male infertility.
  • Low sperm count which can be due to an enlarged vein inside that loses the skin surroundings of man’s testicles.
  • Cancerous or non-cancerous growths.
  • Genetic disorders.
  • Radiation and X-rays.
  • The sperm quality can also be affected if there is any bacterial infection inside the man’s testicles which can convert as sexually transmitted infection (STI).
  • High intake of alcohol, drugs, and smokes can also affect the man’s fertility.
  • If the man had undergone for any surgery like vasectomy which is a procedure for preventing the sperms from leaving the testicles.
  • Medicines, especially those treating cancer, fungus, and ulcers can also be a reason for men infertility.

What are the factors that cause women fertility?

The following are the factors that cause women fertility and these are:

  • The women who are dealing with the problems to their reproductive system such as blocked or damaged fallopian tubes, the abnormal opening of the cervix, cancerous or noncancerous growths in the uterus, enlarged ovaries etc. can affect woman’s fertility.
  • A procedure where the fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal collect the women eggs from her ovaries and mix with her partner’s sperm to facilitate fertilization, however, there are some women who face challenges while ovulating every month and for them, pregnancy is a big challenge.
  • Disease and disorders which include endometriosis. Endometriosis is a disease or disorder due to which women it becomes difficult to conceive as her uterine tissue will grow outside the uterus where she has enlarged ovaries that contain fluid-filled sacs.
  • Age is a major factor which affects the fertility of women as the older women face challenges while getting pregnant as her fertility decrease with increased age.
  • There are many women whose menopause stopped before their age of 40 years and they face challenges to get pregnant, also they face the other problems like immune system disease, cancer treatments, or a genetic syndrome.
  • The women who had undergone for the cancer treatments like radiotherapy and chemotherapy etc. can affect her fertility.
  • Medicines, especially those treating cancer, fungus, and ulcers can affect women fertility.
  • Access consumption of smoke, alcohol or any other drugs will harm the egg production which makes difficult for women to get pregnant.
  • An absence of woman regular periods can also affect her fertility.
  • Body weight of women can also be a reason for infertility. According to the study, overweight and underweight, both cases can affect a woman’s chances of getting pregnant. So, the fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal suggest the women who are undergoing for the fertility treatment to maintain the ideal weight according to her body mass index (BMI) to achieve the successful results of treatment.

How fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal treat infertility?

The fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal treat infertility using medicine, surgery, artificial insemination or assisted reproductive technology. Many times they combine these treatments to achieve the highest success rates of the pregnancy. In most cases, infertility is treated with drugs or surgery.

Fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal recommend specific treatments for infertility based on:

  • Blood test reports and ultrasound scans
  • How long the couple has been trying to get pregnant
  • The age of man and woman both
  • The overall health of the partners
  • Preference of the partners

Fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal often treat infertility in men in the following ways:

  • Sexual problems: Male member who are dealing with impotence or premature ejaculation. In such cases, the fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal use the behavioral therapy and/or medicines to treat infertility in men.
  • Too few sperms: Sometimes there are chances that surgery can correct the cause of the problem. However, in other cases, the fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal can remove the sperms surgically directly from the male reproductive tract. They use antibiotics to clear up infections affecting sperm count.
  • Sperm movement: There are chances that men semen has no sperm because of a block in the man’s system. In such cases, surgery is the best option to correct the problem.

The fertility of women can be corrected with surgery. The fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal use medicines to treat women with ovulation problems. Before taking these medications it is important that you should speak to your fertility expert about the pros and cons of these medicines. You should understand the possible dangers, benefits, and side effects before you consume any medications as it is a matter of your health.

 

 

 


infertility treatment nepal

What are the frequently asked questions about Infertility?

There are many questions arises in the mind of couples who were unable to conceive a baby after having unprotected intercourse for more than a year and these question can be:

Are Women are the Only Cause of Infertility?

It’s a myth that only the women are responsible for the cause of infertility. Infertility is a medical problem that affects both men and women equally. According to the study, around 35% of infertility occurs due to a female factor, around 35% is due to a male factor and in rest, 30% both men and women are dealing with the cause of infertility or sometimes the cause of infertility cannot be explained.

What Causes Infertility in Men?

Infertility in men caused by the following:

  • Unhealthy or poor functioning of man’s sperm which includes the quality of the man’s sperm.
  • Low sperm count which can be due to an enlarged vein inside which loses the skin that surrounds a man’s testicles.
  • Hormone imbalance.
  • The tube which carries man’s sperms is blockages can cause infertility.
  • Cancerous or non-cancerous growths.
  • The quality of man’s sperm can also be affected due to a bacterial infection inside the man’s testicles which can also be a sexually transmitted infection (STI).
  • Genetic disorders.
  • Consumption of alcohol, drugs, and smokes.
  • Radiation and X-rays.
  • If previously man had any surgery like vasectomy which is a procedure for preventing the sperms from leaving the testicles.
  • Medicines, especially those treating cancer, fungus, and ulcers.

What Causes Infertility in Women?

The following are the causes of infertility in women and these are:

  • The women who have problems with her reproductive system such as blocked or damaged fallopian tubes, the abnormal opening of the cervix, cancerous or noncancerous growths in the uterus, enlarged ovaries etc.
  • A process in which the women egg is collected from her ovary and mix with her partner’s sperm to facilitate fertilization but there are some women who face difficulties while ovulating every month and pregnancy is a challenge for them.
  • Disease and disorders which include endometriosis. Endometriosis is a disease or disorder in which women face challenges as her uterine tissue will grow outside her uterus where she has enlarged ovaries which contain fluid-filled sacs.
  • It is difficult for older women to get pregnant as her fertility decrease with increased age.
  • The women whose menopause stopped before the age of 40 years face challenges to get pregnant and also they face problems like immune system disease, cancer treatments, or a genetic syndrome.
  • If women had cancer treatments such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy etc. can affect her fertility.
  • Medicines, especially those treating cancer, fungus, and ulcers.
  • Consumption of smoke, alcohol or any other drugs can make it difficult for women to get pregnant.
  • An absence of a monthly cycle can also affect the woman’s fertility.
  • Body weight of women can also cause infertility. According to the study, too much or too little exercise can affect a woman’s chances of getting pregnant. So, the fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal suggest the women maintain the ideal weight according to her body mass index (BMI) to achieve the successful results of pregnancy.

How do Women Age Affect her Fertility?

According to the study, women who are in their age of twenties are more fertile and their fertility gradually a start declining in ’30s and after the age of 35 it becomes difficult for them to conceive a baby naturally. The women get frustrated as they are not able to conceive after the age of 35 years, however, there are few women who still able to conceive a baby in their 30’s naturally. But if we see overall there are 90% of the women facing difficulties in their mid to late thirties as compared to the women who are having children during their mid to late twenties. The need for fertility assistance is even more common among women who have reached their forties.

For male members, the age does not play a significant role because men continue to produce their sperms throughout their reproductive lives, whereas women are born with all of the eggs they will ever have. So, the age of women has a high impact for not conceiving a baby as compared to men’s age.

How Will I Know that I Need Fertility Treatment?

The couples after their marriage get curious that how long it can take for them to conceive a baby when they want to have a child. For most of the couples, the fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal will recommend them to try conceiving a baby naturally for one full year before seeking any medical assistance. If still the couples are not able to achieve the successful results they need to meet their fertility expert who will suggest them some tests and medicines to be taken for several months and it has been found that the couples who are physically and mentally fit can easily achieve the successful results and it is important to try to be patient and realize that, in the majority of cases, there is absolutely nothing to be worried about.

However, still, you face difficulties in conceiving a baby naturally then you need to visit Fertility Center Nepal and get your fertility test and on the basis of your medical reports, the fertility expert at Fertility Center Nepal will suggest the best fertility treatment to fulfill your dream of having an own baby.

What Fertility Tests are Recommended by Fertility Experts?

The fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal will suggest the following testing and these are:

  • The fertility expert will suggest the blood tests to check your reproductive hormone levels estradiol (E2), progesterone, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), thyroid hormone, prolactin etc. and she also suggests the male hormone levels test.
  • He/she will ask the male member to have a complete semen analysis.
  • An ultrasound scan will be conducted to confirm the normal appearance of the uterus and ovaries in the woman.
  • To evaluate the woman’s fallopian tubes are opened or not they will conduct an x-ray or a Sonohysterogram.

For more details contact Fertility Center Nepal.

 


How infertility affect personal relationships

How Infertility Affect Personal Relationships?

Having a baby is one of the most exciting moments in a couple’s life, but when they are unable to conceive a baby naturally after having unprotected regular intercourse which means one or both of the partner dealing with the cause of infertility. The cause of infertility affects the couples physically, emotionally and financially. In some cases, it has been found that if couples are not careful then it can affect their relationship as well.

According to the study, there are nearly one-fourth of women had a negative impact on their relationships due to the cause of infertility, however, the study says that there are some women who are struggling with the cause of infertility got benefited their relationships with their partners.

What Couples Need to Do in Such a Situation?

First, they need to stop blaming each other after the infertility diagnosis and they both need to work together to achieve the successful pregnancy and visit Fertility Centre Nepal where they will get the solution for all types of infertility issues. Also, they need to keep the following in their mind and these are:

  • Reassure your partner that you both are together to fight with the cause of infertility.
  • Talk to each other about your frustrations as the study says the couples who keep their feelings hidden are much more likely to have problems which can lead to stress.
  • Always be together while going for doctor’s appointments, copy each other with side effects, grieving together, sharing the news together with friends and family.

How to Keep your Relationship Healthy?

At Fertility Centre Nepal, the fertility experts help the couples to build their strong relationship and for this, they need to follow some important tips to maintain a healthy relationship and these are:

a) Focus on yourself: The experts at Fertility Centre Nepal suggest that before you plan a baby you both need to build a strong and healthy relationship to become good parents.

b) Take a break: Like you, both were trying from a long period of time to conceive which is not happening in such cases take some break from your infertility treatment. Reduce your stress and anxiety in your sexual relationship and will ensure that your life will remain a source of pleasure and relaxation for years to come.

c) Involve together in physical exercises: Exercise is one of the most fabulous stress buster for the couples dealing with infertility issues. You can perform physical activities like dancing, playing tennis, bike riding etc. also you can join some yoga classes together which will give strength to your body as well as it will teach you deep breathing which is helpful in relaxing and you can focus on your treatment.

d) Respect each other: If you both dealing with the cause of infertility, so in such cases respect each other’s feelings. Just because men don’t cry doesn’t mean he is not hurt. Men are more likely to distance themselves from such situations and become irritable. So such cases are together and respect your differences.

e) Talk to each other: If you need support from your husband then clearly talk to him, be specific, what you want? If you need to spend some time alone then ask your partner to give you time to spend alone but do not show your anger as he is also going through with the same phase.

f) Seek help outside: You know that your relationship is at stake because of infertility issue still seeking help from outside. You can speak to your friend, relatives or your fertility expert. You can join some support group online of the people who are going through infertility treatments.

g) Share your infertility struggles: It has been found that people who keep their infertility issues secret from their friends and family have more psychological and relationship problems as compared to those who open up. Before sharing your infertility with others it is better than you first talk to each other than with whom you will share your information and how much you will share. In some scenarios, the male member wants to discuss the infertility issues with his mother but you may think his mother’s is more questionable and judgmental. Similarly, he may not want you to discuss his low sperm counts with your friends or many other details of your fertility treatments.

h) Get Counsel yourself: At the time you are unable to deal with the situation by your own in such cases the fertility experts at Fertility Centre Nepal will suggest you meet a counsellor who will help you to communicate with each other and reach mutual agreements. It is just a myth that people require counselling only at the time of their divorce or situation of clinical depression or anxiety. The people need to understand that counselling is for everyone who needs some extra help to come out from the stress or a difficult situation. At Fertility Centre Nepal we have the best counsellor who will help you in making your decision and you will feel supported and will able to tend your relationship in a better way.

How are Male Members Dealing with the Cause of Infertility?

It has been found that male members of infertile couples were quiet and does not show that they are depressed and dealing with erectile dysfunction and other sexual relationship problems. Unfortunately, the male members who are dealing with the cause of infertility try to distance themselves from infertility and keep their feelings to themselves only and they are more focused on the plans to solve the issues of their infertility due to which they are not paying attention to their partners and this can harm their relationship.

At Fertility Centre Nepal we suggest the male members discuss their feelings with their partner and this will allow them to bond over feelings of being out of control. These few tips will help you both to maintain your strong and healthy relationship and you will be able to concentrate on your treatment to achieve a successful pregnancy.


infertility treatment nepal

Know About Male & Female Infertility Treatment In Nepal

Infertility means a couple is not able to conceive a baby after having regular unprotected intercourse for more than one year. Infertility affects both women and men. A woman who is unable to get pregnant after trying for one year without using any birth controlling will be considered as infertile women. On the other hand, a man is considered infertile if he has few sperms in his semen or his sperm are unhealthy to combine with a woman’s egg. Many couples do not have trouble becoming pregnant after one year of their marriage, but there are factors that can make it difficult for others to conceive a baby naturally.

Causes of Infertility in Men

The following are the causes that affect the fertility of men which stops him to become the father of an own baby and these are:

  • Unhealthy or poorly functioning sperm which includes the quality of the man’s sperm. It also includes how well and quick the sperm move and travel to meet the woman’s egg.
  • A varicocele is an enlarged vein inside which loses the skin that surrounds a man’s testicles and this can cause low sperm count.
  • A bacterial infection inside the man’s testicles can also be a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that causes the quality of man’s sperm.
  • Cancerous or non-cancerous growths.
  • Undescended testicles. The man’s one or both remain in his abdomen. These are the testicles which supposed to drop down from man’s abdomen into the scrotal sac at birth.
  • Hormone imbalance.
  • Blockages within the many tubes that carry the sperms of man.
  • The genetic disorders.
  • Medicines, especially those treating cancer, fungus, and ulcers.
  • The surgery like vasectomy which is a procedure to prevent sperm from leaving the testicles.
  • Consumption of alcohol, drugs, and smokes.
  • Exposure to industrial chemicals and heavy metals.
  • Radiation and X-rays.
  • Overheating the testicles which can occur by wearing too tight underwear or pants. It can also happen by using a hot tub for extended periods.

Causes of infertility in Women

  • A process in which the egg of the woman leaves her ovary and travels to meet the sperm. Some women face difficulty while ovulating every month, which makes harder to become pregnant.
  • A woman who is dealing with the reproductive system problems such as fallopian tubes, cervix, uterus, ovaries etc. which includes a blockage, cancerous or noncancerous growths, scarring, enlarged ovaries, or an abnormal opening of the cervix.
  • Disease and disorders which include endometriosis. This is a disease or disorder where uterine tissue grows outside the women uterus or polycystic ovary syndrome where women have enlarged ovaries that contains fluid-filled sacs.
  • The menopause that stops early which means women menopause has been stopped before the age of 40 years. It may be tied to an immune system disease, cancer treatments, or a genetic syndrome.
  • As a woman gets older, it becomes harder to get pregnant.
  • Cancer treatments such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy which affects the women fertility.
  • Smoking, alcohol, and another drug can make it difficult for women to get pregnant.
  • Medicines, especially those treating cancer, fungus, and ulcers.
  • Being overweight or underweight can also affect the woman’s fertility. According to the study, too much or too little exercise can affect a woman’s chances of getting pregnant. So, it is advisable to maintain an ideal weight according to the body mass index (BMI) to conceive a baby.
  • An absence of a period can also affect the woman’s fertility.
  • Uncontrolled diabetes, autoimmune diseases in which your body attack itself, celiac disease etc. can make pregnancy difficult for a woman.

How to prevent infertility?

According to the study, there are some types of infertility which are not preventable; however, by adopting several strategies may increase women chances to get pregnant.

Prevention of infertility in Men

Most of the types of infertility in men are not preventable but there are some strategies which help men to become a father of an own baby and these are as follows:

  • It is advisable to men that he should avoid drug and tobacco and excessive consumption of alcohol, which may contribute to male infertility.
  • Men need to avoid high temperatures, as this can affect the production and mobility of their sperm. Although this effect is usually temporary for the successful results they need to avoid hot tubs and steam baths.
  • The fertility experts at the Fertility Center Nepal advise the men to avoid exposure to industrial or environmental toxins as they can impact the production of sperm.
  • It is advisable to limit medications which may impact man’s fertility, both prescribe and non-prescribed drugs. Speak to your fertility expert about the medications that you take regularly, but don’t stop taking prescribed medications without any medical advice.
  • The fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal advise you to do regular exercise as it may improve sperm quality and also increase the chances of achieving a pregnancy.

Prevention of infertility in Women

There are a number of strategies which may increase the women chances to get pregnant and these are as follows:

  • Quit smoking: the consumption of tobacco has multiple negative effects on woman’s fertility, not to mention the general health and the health of a fetus. If you smoke regularly and are considering pregnancy then it is advisable to quit now.
  • Avoid alcohol and drugs: If you are planning to conceive a baby then the consumption of alcohol or other drugs can affect the quality of your eggs. So, it is advisable by the fertility expert at Fertility Center Nepal to quit alcohol and other drugs for successful results.
  • Consumption of caffeine: Women who are trying to get pregnant have to limit the intake of caffeine. You need to speak to your doctor for guidance on the safe use of caffeine.
  • Regular Exercise: Regular exercise is important, but exercising intensely that your periods are infrequent or absent can affect your fertility.
  • Body weight: Being overweight or underweight can affect your hormone production and cause infertility. So, it is advisable by the fertility experts at the Fertility Center Nepal to main the ideal body weight according to your body mass index (BMI).

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