Infertility means an incapability of an individual to conceive after regular sexual intercourse. Infertility also involves a biological incapability of an individual who cannot give a birth to a child.
Infertility may be due to physiological factors present in the both man and women. Infertility problem is not only related to the woman but it is related to both men and women. According to the Research
- Around 20% of cases of infertility are due to a problem in the man.
- Around 40% to 50% of cases of infertility are due to a problem in the woman.
- Around 30% to 40% of cases of infertility are due to problems in both the man and the woman.
Get an expert medical opinion.
There are many infertility tests that can be taken to identify the cause of the problem. Some infertile couples have more than one cause of their infertility. Your doctor will usually begin a comprehensive infertility examination of both you and your partner.
Female diagnostics Test
- Ovulation Testing. This is a type of blood test which is used to measure hormone levels to determine whether you ovulating or not.
- Hysterosalpingography. This is an X-ray procedure which is used to record details images of your uterus and fallopian tubes for identifying the blockage in tubes.
- Laparoscopy. This test is usually performed to detect the blockage or irregularities of fallopian tubes and uterus. Laparoscopy generally is done on an outpatient basis.
- Hormone testing and ovarianreserves testing. These tests are used to be done to determine the level of ovulatory and pituitary hormones.
- Genetic testing. Genetic testing may be done to check whether there’s a genetic defect causing infertility.
- Hysteroscopy: A small fiber optic telescope is used to check the uterus for abnormalities. The device helps physicians to record images of the uterus and corrects certain abnormalities.
Male diagnostic Test
- General physical examination. Some general tests are performed for examining your health issues (illness, sexual habits, disabilities).
- Semen analysis. This test performed on the male partner. This test is used to determine the count of the sperm and their mobility (movement) and fertilization capacity.
- Hormone Testing. A blood test to determine the level of testosterone.
- Ultrasound Examination. This examination will give information on what the ovaries and uterus look like. Ultrasound can help your doctor look for evidence of conditions such as retrograde ejaculation and ejaculatory duct obstruction.
- Testicular Biopsy Procedures: This test is usually performed to figure out whether sperm production is normal or abnormal and possible location of blockages. There are two types of testicular biopsy procedures that can be performed – needle or open – and both take about 30 minutes to complete.
- Needle Biopsy: Performed under local anesthesia and involves obtaining a sample of tissue from the testis using a small needle.
- Open Biopsy: Typically performed under general anesthesia and involves making a small incision in the skin to remove a sample of tissue from the testis.
- Venography: Venography is a test used to determine the site of possible blockages.