What is Infertility?

If you have been struggling to get pregnant, you are not alone. More than 1 out of 10 couplesis infertile and unable to get pregnant and infertility rates are going up. That means millions of women and men have dealt with this problem. Even though struggling with infertility may be common, it can be very frustrating.what-is-infertility

Infertility is a condition of the reproductive system that prevents the conception of children.It is a condition that affects nearly 15% of all people at some point in their lives. There are many causes of infertility, and most can be diagnosed and treated. People with infertility can usually be treated successfully by fertility specialists who have extensive training and experience in treating this specific problem.

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Infertility refers to an inability to conceive after having regular unprotected sex. Infertility can also refer to the biological inability of an individual to contribute to conception, or to a female who cannot carry a pregnancy to full term.
Doctors usually suggest some tests if a couple has not conceived after one year, despite regular sexual intercourse. After two years, treatment may be considered. Tests or treatment may start earlier if the woman is older, or if there is an obvious reason why a particular couple will not conceive, however long they try. It is important to note that appropriate fertility treatment plans for individuals and couples with ethical or religious concerns can be developed in consultation with your physician.

Causes of infertility

Both men and women are equally responsible for infertility. There are various causes in men and women that are responsible for infertility. Infertility can be associated with pituitary problems, luteal phase defect, polycystic ovaries, thyroid disease, adrenal gland disease, high prolactin levels, dietary alterations, weight problems, exercise patterns, smoking, alcohol, stress and other factors.

  • Damaged fallopian tubes
  • Hormonal causes
  • Cervical causes
  • Poor egg quality
  • Unexplained infertility
  • Uterine causes

  • Not healthy sperm
  • Smoking
  • Excessive stress
  • Malnutrition and anemia
  • Prolonged use of marijuana and other recreational drugs.
  • Hormonal problems

Treatments for infertility

There are several of treatments available for infertility.  The treatment offered will depends on what is causing your fertility problems. It is very important to choose the infertility clinic carefully. Infertility treatments can be expensive and there is no guarantee it will be successful.  Before starting the infertility treatments Doctors use the histories of both partners and may run tests such as sperm studies, ovulation tests, ultrasound, Hysterosalpingography, or laparoscopy.

  • medical treatment for lack of regular ovulation
  • surgical procedures – such as treatment for endometriosis
  • assisted conception – which may be intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in-vitro fertilization (IVF)

Risks of infertility

This is not necessary that you will get the successful results in infertility. There may be some risks in the treatments of infertility.

  • Feeling down or irritable
  • headaches
  • restlessness
  • Being overweight and underweight
  • Exercise issues
  • ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
  • Mood swings
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Breast tenders


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