In the hysteroscopy,the doctor will look at the lining of your uterus in order to diagnose and treat causes of abnormal bleeding. The tool which is used to see the images of the uterus is called Hysteroscope.
A hysteroscopy is necessary before starting IVF treatment. A hysteroscopy is the best way to check your uterus is healthy to carry a baby or not. Hysteroscopy is an outpatient procedure that is usually takes 10-20 minutes.

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Hysteroscopy is relatively safe than other surgeries. Hysteroscopy can help determine whether you have a uterine septum, a malformation of the uterus that is present from birth.

Two types of hysteroscopy

Diagnostic Hysteroscopy: This is used to diagnose the problems of the uterus and also used to confirm the results of the other tests. The hysteroscopy can be done many times.

Operative Hysteroscopy: This is used to check the results of diagnostic hysteroscopy. Operative hysteroscopy may be performed after the diagnostic hysteroscopy if abnormal results received.

Procedure of Hysteroscopy

A hysteroscopy is used to find out the cause of the bleeding that occurs after a woman has passed menopause. Hysteroscopy is also used to find the problems which prevent you to get pregnant. A general anesthesia is given to the patient during the procedure. There is stepwise procedure is given below.

  • The doctor will the hysteroscope into your vagina and gently remove the cervix into the uterus.
  • A liquid solution is then inserted into the uterus through the hysteroscope to get the clear image of the uterus.
  • A light on the hysteroscope allows your doctor to see the uterus and fallopian tubes.
  • Small instrument is inserted into the uterus through the hysteroscope.

You may have some cramping and slight vaginal bleeding for some days. You may experience fever, severe abdominal pain. It is also not unusual to feel weak or sick. Hysteroscopy is considering in minor surgery so you stay in the hospital for one night.

Risks in Hysteroscopy

  • Sometimes fluid which is used in surgery may dilute in the blood due to which sodium level in the blood will increase.
  • A hysteroscopy can cause injury to the uterus.
  • There is a small risk of problems from the anesthesia.
  • Shortness of breath.

Benefits of Hysteroscopy

The recovery time is very quick. There is no abdominal wound so the postoperative pain is minimal and there are no wound infections. Less pain medication needed after surgery.

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