Male Infertility treatment

Male Infertility treatment

Infertility is the inability of the couple to conceive and when the couple is not able to conceive due to male infertility is known as male infertility and proper treatment needs to be given to enjoy the happiness of being a parent. Male infertility is due to the poor quality and low quantity of sperms. When the sperms count ejected is low or of poor quality, it becomes difficult for the male to initiate the pregnancy.

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There are no visible signs through which you can identify whether the male partner is infertile or not as there is normal intercourse ,erections, and ejaculations as well as the sperms also look very normal in appearance .Therefore, there are no visible signs of male infertility and it can be diagnosed with the medical tests only.

  • Problems that affect either sperm production or sperm transport.
  • The problem with making sperm in the testes
    • Low numbers of sperm are made
    • Sperms that are made do not work properly.
  • Sperm transport problems
  • Blockages (often referred to as obstructions) in the tubes leading sperm away from the testes to the penis can cause a complete lack of sperm in the ejaculated semen.
  • Sexual problemsaffecting the transfer of semen to women’s vagina for fertilization.
  • Low levels of hormones made by the pituitary gland that acts on the testes

Treatment for male infertility varies from male to male depending upon the cause of infertility. Long treatment over the months to years are necessary for achieving infertility.

  • Blockage of the reproductive tract

Men having a blockage in the ducts conveying the sperm ejaculation from testis undergoes the treatment to correct the blockage. Alternative to this is the assisted reproductive technologies using the sperm retrieved from the testis.

  • Treatment of hypothalamic or pituitary deficiency

In certain cases (1 to 2 percent), male infertility is due to problems in the hypothalamus and pituitary gland. In this case, treatment with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), recombinant human follicle stimulating hormone (rhFSH), also called gonadotropin treatment, is often suggested.

  • Gonadotropin treatment

Gonadotropin treatment is started with injections of hCG three times per week (or in some cases every other day) for up to six months. Blood tests are used to examine blood testosterone levels and to adjust the dose if required. If sperm cells do not appear in semen even after six months treatment, recombinant human follicle stimulating hormone (rhFSH) is added to the injection. Its success rate is high as most men will develop sperm during ejaculation. Approximately one to two years of treatment is needed to achieve normal fertility. The cost of these treatments is comparatively high.

  • Other

Treatment is not currently available for some of the other type of male infertility. For example, when the sperm-producing structures of the testes have been severely damaged or are abnormal which is the case with men with certain chromosomal abnormalities such as Klinefelter syndrome and small deletions in the Y (male-specific) chromosome.

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