Hysterosalpingography is a specialized form of X-Ray that hysterosalpingographyproduces the images of the uterus and fallopian tubes and the area around them. Hysterosalpingography is also known as Uterosalpingography.

This test is usually done when awoman feels difficultyto conceive birth to a child. It is a radiology procedure usually done in the radiology department of the hospital. This test helps to recognize the shape and size of the uterus whether the shape and size are normal or not.

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This test is usually done when awoman has experienced few miscarriages. It also checks whether the fallopian tubes are open or not. Blockage in the tubes prevents an egg from meeting a sperm. IVF patients often undergo an HSG to get a fuller picture of what’s going on.

The ultimate objective of an HSG is to spot problems such as uterine fibroids, scarring, tubal blockages and irregularities. All of which can cause fertility problems and, in some cases, make conception and pregnancy impossible.

This Test may also include checking for:-

  • Blockages of fallopian tubes
  • Find problems in uterus, such as polyps, fibroids, adhesions
  • Any foreign object in the uterus
  • Painful menstrual periods
  • Repeated miscarriages
  • Scar tissues in the uterus


Before this test you may relax your uterus muscles to prevent cramping during the test and also need to empty your bladder. This test will take 15-20 minutes.You may be given a local anesthetic injection to your cervix. This is not usually needed.

A doctor places the speculum in the vagina and then places a thin tube called a catheter through your cervix into theuterus. This may be little uncomfortable for a woman but should not harm.

Then the contrast is injected slowly through the catheter. As the uterine cavity is filling you may feel some pain or pressure. Doctors will start taking the images using the fluoroscope.

After this procedure is complete and the instruments are removed from the vagina. Reports are immediately received after the test and reviewed by the doctors; your doctor may decide may want to do follow-up examinations or order further tests.

There are some side effects of Hysterosalpingography

  • Vomiting or fainting
  • Heavy bleeding from vagina
  • Fever or chills

There are very less chanced that this test will damage your cells or tissues. The Hysterosalpingography test should be done about 5 days after your menstruation cycle has ended to ensure that you are not pregnant. It also needs to be done before ovulation to prevent using X-rays during early pregnancy.


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