How people can boost their fertility

How People Can Boost Their Fertility?

When you are thinking about getting pregnant to boost your fertility you need to evaluate your lifestyle choices. Starting healthy habits or getting rid of bad ones can improve your overall health. And some lifestyle changes may promote fertility in both you and your partner.

How to improve male fertility?

It is important for the male member to have healthy sperm when they are planning to conceive a baby, but your sperm may only be as healthy if you are healthy. The following are the ways through which you can maximize the quality and quantity of sperm that your body produces and these are:

a)    Stop smoking: It has been found that the men who smoke tend to have lower sperm counts, and the sperm which they produce may not be properly formed. The fertility experts will advise the male member to quit smoking at least prior to 3 months of the fertility treatment.

b)    Reduce alcohol consumption: If you are an occasional drinker then it will not harm sperm production, however, if you frequently drink this can lower testosterone levels, reduce sperm count and cause erectile dysfunction. So, it is always better to reduce your alcohol consumption before you plan a fertility treatment.

c)    Lose weight: According to the study, obesity is the major factor that affects male fertility in many ways. Your excess body weight can cause hormone changes and this will reduce your fertility. It has been found that male member has lower sperm count and the sperm don’t move quickly enough.

d)    Avoid drugs: The fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal suggest the male member avoid illegal drugs as it will impact their fertility. The consumption of cocaine and marijuana reduces the number and quality of your sperm, and anabolic steroids can shrink your testicles. If you consume some legal drugs such as herbal supplements then you need to speak to your fertility expert to make sure they don’t impact sperm production.

e)    Avoid the heat: According to the study you need to elevated temperatures, especially around your scrotum which may reduce sperm production. The fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal will limit your time in hot tubs and saunas and also they ask you to avoid tight-fitting pants and placing your laptop directly on your lap during use.

f)    Practice safe sex: It has been found that unprotected sex, especially with multiple partners can increase your chances of getting a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Men infected with an STD may experience fertility problems such as low sperm count, poor sperm movement and sperm DNA fragmentation.

How to improve female fertility?

Most of the women are aware that it is important to make a healthy lifestyle during pregnancy; however, you may be less familiar with lifestyle choices which can improve your fertility.

The following are the healthy habits that may increase your chances of getting pregnant and help you set the stage for a healthier pregnancy:

a)    Stop smoking: If you are a woman who smokes then you need to quit your smoke it affect your ovaries and you are not able to produce good quality of eggs for fertilization. It also harms your cervix and fallopian tubes and increases risk chances of ectopic pregnancy and miscarriage.

b)    Limit your caffeine intake: According to the study, too much consumption of caffeine will affect your fertility. So, the fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal would suggest you limit your caffeine intake to 200 mg per day, especially when you are trying to conceive. The 200mg per day caffeine is equivalent to about two to eight-ounce cups of coffee per day.

c)    Maintain body weight: The fertility experts at the Fertility Center Nepal will suggest you maintain your ideal body weight as obesity can harm your health in several ways, including interfering with your ovulation. However, if you are an underweight woman then also you are at increased risk for ovulation problems. Whether you need to overweight or underweight you need to focus on a healthy body mass index (BMI) to help maintain normal ovulation.

d)    Practice safe sex: If you have unprotected sex, especially with multiple partners will increase your chances of getting the disease like chlamydia or other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). These are the infections which permanently damage your fallopian tubes and uterus and you are unable to carry a baby for the full term.

e)    Reduce alcohol consumption: The fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal suggest the women quit the consumption of alcohol during her pregnancy as frequent drinking before pregnancy is linked to ovulation disorder which means you are not able to conceive a baby. So, if you are trying to get pregnant, try to avoid alcohol completely.

Tips for both partners to improve fertility

The following are the tips which help you both to tackle with your infertility and these are:

a)    Change your diet: It means that you have a busy schedule due to which you consume packed food and the result is that your body will not get the sufficient nutrients which require at the time of conception. It is better to have cooked meals at home and consume fresh fruits. Besides nourishing your body, you also need to shed your excess weight and gain energy.

b)    Exercise: Moderate physical activity, such as walk, light yoga, etc. can help you to maintain your body weight and also ease your stress. The women who take part in frequent, intense exercise may experience ovulation problems for them the fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal will suggest limiting vigorous activity.

c)    Manage stress: In this busy world, none of us can avoid stress; however, the couples who are trying to get pregnant can cause extra worry or anxiety, especially if one or both of the partners. If you feel stress and you realize that it is affecting your health or your relationship, then speak to our counselor or psychologist they will help you with coping from stress so that you can enjoy your fertility treatment journey and give birth to a healthy baby.

How many types of infertility are there

How Many Types of Infertility are There?

There are 2 types of infertility:

(i)    Primary Infertility: Primary infertility is a type of infertility which refers to those couples who are not able to get pregnant after having regular intercourse for more than 1 year.

(ii)    Secondary Infertility: This refers to the couples who are able to get pregnant once but for the second time they are not able to conceive a baby.

Causes of Infertility in women

The following are the causes of female infertility:

  • When there is a blockage or damage to women fallopian tubes which result from the pelvic inflammatory disease that is usually caused by a sexually transmitted infection, endometriosis or adhesions.
  • Endometriosis is another cause of female infertility where the endometrial tissue grows outside of the women uterus which may affect the function of women ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes.
  • Uterine or cervical abnormalities which mean there is an issue with opening the women cervix. Non – cancerous (benign) tumors which are presented in the uterine wall and may cause infertility by blocking women fallopian tubes.
  • When women dealing with ovulation disorders which affect the release of her eggs from the ovaries. This is a condition of hormonal disorders such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The women menstrual cycle can also be affected when there is too much thyroid hormone or too little thyroid are presented. Other causes which may affect the women fertility is excessive exercise, eating disorders, injury or tumors.
  • When women are dealing with early menopause which means her ovaries stop working and her menstruation ends before the age 40 years. According to the study, this is an unknown cause of female infertility. There are certain factors that are associated with early menopause such as immune system diseases, genetic conditions, etc.

Causes of Infertility in men

The following are the causes of male infertility:

  • If the male member is unable to deliver the sperm due to sexual problems, such as premature ejaculation; certain genetic diseases, blockage in his testicle; or damage or injury to the reproductive organs.
  • If there is any damage due to cancer and its treatment which includes radiation or chemotherapy. Cancer treatment can impair sperm production and sometimes it is very severe.
  • The men fertility can also be affected by the overexposure to certain environmental factors, which includes pesticides and other chemicals, and radiation. Smoking, alcohol, marijuana or other medications, such as antibiotics, anabolic steroids, etc. can also affect the men fertility. Excessive exposure to heat, such as in saunas or hot tubs may affect the production of sperm.
  • If there is an abnormal production of sperm or the sperm function is affected due to undescended testicles, genetic defects, and health problems such as diabetes or infections will affect the male member fertility. If men have enlarged veins in his testes, this can also affect the quality of sperm.

Treatment of female infertility

The following are some common treatments to treat the female infertility factor and these are:

a) IVF: At Nepal Fertility Center, the fertility expert recommends the IVF treatment which is the first line treatment. This is a procedure in which your fertility expert will collect the eggs from women ovaries and mix them together with the sperms of her husband to facilitate the fertilization. Once the fertilization takes place, the resulted embryo will be placed into the uterus of the intended mother.

b) IVF with Egg Donor: The fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal use this procedure for those couples where the female member is unable to produce enough mature eggs for fertilization. In this procedure, the fertility experts will borrow the eggs from healthy, fertile and young women who are under the age of 28 years and will fertilize her eggs with the sperms of the intended father to facilitate the fertilization. Once the fertilization occurs, the fertility expert will place the resulted embryo into the uterus of the intended mother and will continue to monitor the growth and the development of the fetus.

c) IVF with Surrogacy: This is a procedure which is usually recommended to those female members who are unable to carry a pregnancy in their own womb due to some medical illness. With the help of this procedure the couple will have their own baby as the fertility expert will fertilize the eggs of the surrogate mother with the sperm of intended father and after that she will place the resulted embryo into the uterus of surrogate mother who will carry the baby until full term and once the baby born she will hand-over the baby to his/her intended parents.

Treatment of male infertility

The following are some common treatments to treat the male infertility factor and these are:

a) ICSI: ICSI is an ART is a procedure in which the fertility expert will directly insert a single mature and healthy sperm into each egg of the women which help the couple in conceiving a baby.

b) Gamete Intra-Fallopian Transfer (GIFT): This is the male infertility treatment where the fertilization will occur naturally and the fertility expert at Fertility Center Nepal will directly place the best-selected sperm inside the women fallopian tubes.

c) Hormonal treatment: The fertility expert will first recommend the male member to undergo for the hormone replacement before they suggest any surgery to them. With the help of the hormone replacement treatment fertility experts will able to treat the condition of male infertility which has been caused by the high or low levels of hormones.

d) Surgery: The fertility experts at Fertility Center Nepal will recommend the surgery as the last option when all other non-surgical treatments are failed to provide the desired results. The fertility expert will then perform surgery where they will extract the sperms by using the thin fine needle from the Testicle which is known as Testicular Sperm Aspiration (TESA) or Epididymis, known as percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (PESA). In case, the fertility expert is unable to retrieve enough sperm through these two techniques then they will use other advanced technology which is testicular sperm extraction TESE. Once the sperms are retrieved, the fertility expert will mix them with the women egg to form an embryo and once the embryo gets developed the same will be placed into the uterus of the female partner.


fertile or infertile

How Couples can Identify Whether they are Fertile or Infertile?

It has been found that the couples who have been trying to get pregnant without any medications or have experienced several miscarriages then this is a sign that one of you or both of you may be infertile. This can be very stressful for couples, so it is important to know what stops you getting pregnant.

What are the risks factors that affecting women fertility?

The following are some risks factors that affect the women fertility and these are:

a) Age of women: The more you grow older the less are the chances of conceiving a baby. This is because the eggs in your ovaries start decreasing with increased age. In addition to that, various other medical disorders that come with progressing age can further affect your chances of having a baby. Generally, the women chances of conception will be reduced by 3 to 7% every year after the age of 30 and there will be a higher reduction after the age of 40.

b) Monitor menstrual problems: Your abnormal period could be a sign of infertility. So in that case you need to monitor the amount of bleeding you experience during every period, the length of the bleeding, the normal cycle you have, etc. are the symptoms that accompany your period. A regular period is that occurs on the days you expect it to come, and you have bleeding for only three to seven days. The signs like menstruating a lot, too little or a bleeding variation, etc. are the signs of an irregular period. Experiencing severe menstrual cramps should be considered an abnormality.

c) Body weight and skin changes: Your unexplained weight gain can be a cause of infertility and you may experience several health issues which include polycystic ovarian syndrome, type-2 diabetes, or hypothyroidism (it is a decreased functioning of the thyroid gland). Women who deal with polycystic ovaries and type-2 diabetes also noticed some skin changes.

  • Your body weight more than your body mass index (BMI) will reduce your chances of getting pregnant.
  • Increase in facial hair, oily skin, acne and skin tags which might be developed from dark brown to black and raised skin patches on the face, neck, underarms, back and below the breasts.

d) Medical disorders: Other medical disorders may also affect your chances of becoming pregnant. There are chances that your body produce some anti-sperm antibodies which damage the men sperm due to which you are unable to get pregnant. There are several conditions that can lead to infertility and these are type-2diabetes, hypertension, hyperthyroidism, pituitary tumors, tuberculosis, anemia, folic acid deficiencies, cancers, history of abdominal or pelvic surgery, etc. can affect your fallopian tubes.

e) Unhealthy lifestyle: Smoking cigarettes, consumption of alcohol, etc. can lead to hormonal imbalances in women and affect her fertility. It could also cause miscarriages, fetal birth defects, and premature birth. If you are a smoker then you need to quit smoking as it cause of your fertility.

f) Infections: It has been found that infections may cause infertility. These infections may results in blockage of your fallopian tubes, affect your egg production, and also cause the sperm to become unable to impregnate your eggs. The bacterial infections may change your cervical mucus consistency which can lead to infertility. There are various other infections that reduce your chances of becoming pregnant which include pelvic inflammatory disease, infections in your ovaries, infection in your fallopian tubes or uterus.

What are the risks factors that affecting men fertility?

The following are some risks factors that affect the men fertility and these are:

a) Abnormal ejaculation and sperm count: Your abnormal ejaculation would result in low sperm count or total absence of sperm in your semen. This abnormal ejaculations and unhealthy sperms can result in infertility and this is generally due to an arising issue in your seminal vesicles which produce the sperms and hormonal imbalances. Your enlarged testicular veins or varicocele can lead to abnormal sperm development and this will result in around 30% of infertility cases in men.

b) Monitor erectile dysfunction: Erectile dysfunction is another name of impotence and this is a cause which affects around half of the male population across the world. It can be a result of psychological factors or inherent medical disorders. According to the study around 70 to 80% of erectile dysfunctions are due to medical causes. Some of the common causes are stress, guilt, hypertension, heart disease, hormonal imbalance, pelvic surgery, etc.

c) Medical condition: According to the study there are various underlying medical conditions which can affect your hormone levels and can also affect your sperm count which increases the chances of infertility. These conditions could be anemia, type-2 diabetes, hypertension, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, pituitary disorders, hypothyroidism, testicular torsion, hydrocele, obesity etc.

d) Infections: The study says that there are various infections that can be a cause of male infertility and these are tuberculosis, mumps, brucellosis, influenza, etc. The sexually transmitted disease (STD) such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, etc. can be a reason for low sperm count and sperm motility. Some STDs are the disease that can lead to blocking of the male epididymis which transports the sperms to the seminal fluid and can lead to infertility.

e) Unhealthy lifestyle: It has been found that there are some of the few lifestyle choices and habits which can lead to decreased sperm count and these are:

  • Unhealthy eating habits, such as junk food, packed food, lacking in zinc, vitamin C and iron, etc. can affect your sperm count.
  • If you wear tight underwear can also lower your sperm count by increasing the scrotal temperature.
  • Smoking cigarette and excessive consumption of alcohol can lead to hormonal imbalances which result in low sperm counts and infertility.
  • An excess amount of stress at your work or at home can also affect your sperm count and hormonal balance.
  • Excess consumption of steroids also results in infertility from testicular shrinkage and extreme or heavy exercises may also lead to infertility in men.



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