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It has been found that the couples who have been trying to get pregnant without any medications or have experienced several miscarriages then this is a sign that one of you or both of you may be infertile. This can be very stressful for couples, so it is important to know what stops you getting pregnant.
What are the risks factors that affecting women fertility?
The following are some risks factors that affect the women fertility and these are:
a) Age of women: The more you grow older the less are the chances of conceiving a baby. This is because the eggs in your ovaries start decreasing with increased age. In addition to that, various other medical disorders that come with progressing age can further affect your chances of having a baby. Generally, the women chances of conception will be reduced by 3 to 7% every year after the age of 30 and there will be a higher reduction after the age of 40.
b) Monitor menstrual problems: Your abnormal period could be a sign of infertility. So in that case you need to monitor the amount of bleeding you experience during every period, the length of the bleeding, the normal cycle you have, etc. are the symptoms that accompany your period. A regular period is that occurs on the days you expect it to come, and you have bleeding for only three to seven days. The signs like menstruating a lot, too little or a bleeding variation, etc. are the signs of an irregular period. Experiencing severe menstrual cramps should be considered an abnormality.
c) Body weight and skin changes: Your unexplained weight gain can be a cause of infertility and you may experience several health issues which include polycystic ovarian syndrome, type-2 diabetes, or hypothyroidism (it is a decreased functioning of the thyroid gland). Women who deal with polycystic ovaries and type-2 diabetes also noticed some skin changes.
- Your body weight more than your body mass index (BMI) will reduce your chances of getting pregnant.
- Increase in facial hair, oily skin, acne and skin tags which might be developed from dark brown to black and raised skin patches on the face, neck, underarms, back and below the breasts.
d) Medical disorders: Other medical disorders may also affect your chances of becoming pregnant. There are chances that your body produce some anti-sperm antibodies which damage the men sperm due to which you are unable to get pregnant. There are several conditions that can lead to infertility and these are type-2diabetes, hypertension, hyperthyroidism, pituitary tumors, tuberculosis, anemia, folic acid deficiencies, cancers, history of abdominal or pelvic surgery, etc. can affect your fallopian tubes.
e) Unhealthy lifestyle: Smoking cigarettes, consumption of alcohol, etc. can lead to hormonal imbalances in women and affect her fertility. It could also cause miscarriages, fetal birth defects, and premature birth. If you are a smoker then you need to quit smoking as it cause of your fertility.
f) Infections: It has been found that infections may cause infertility. These infections may results in blockage of your fallopian tubes, affect your egg production, and also cause the sperm to become unable to impregnate your eggs. The bacterial infections may change your cervical mucus consistency which can lead to infertility. There are various other infections that reduce your chances of becoming pregnant which include pelvic inflammatory disease, infections in your ovaries, infection in your fallopian tubes or uterus.
What are the risks factors that affecting men fertility?
The following are some risks factors that affect the men fertility and these are:
a) Abnormal ejaculation and sperm count: Your abnormal ejaculation would result in low sperm count or total absence of sperm in your semen. This abnormal ejaculations and unhealthy sperms can result in infertility and this is generally due to an arising issue in your seminal vesicles which produce the sperms and hormonal imbalances. Your enlarged testicular veins or varicocele can lead to abnormal sperm development and this will result in around 30% of infertility cases in men.
b) Monitor erectile dysfunction: Erectile dysfunction is another name of impotence and this is a cause which affects around half of the male population across the world. It can be a result of psychological factors or inherent medical disorders. According to the study around 70 to 80% of erectile dysfunctions are due to medical causes. Some of the common causes are stress, guilt, hypertension, heart disease, hormonal imbalance, pelvic surgery, etc.
c) Medical condition: According to the study there are various underlying medical conditions which can affect your hormone levels and can also affect your sperm count which increases the chances of infertility. These conditions could be anemia, type-2 diabetes, hypertension, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, pituitary disorders, hypothyroidism, testicular torsion, hydrocele, obesity etc.
d) Infections: The study says that there are various infections that can be a cause of male infertility and these are tuberculosis, mumps, brucellosis, influenza, etc. The sexually transmitted disease (STD) such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, etc. can be a reason for low sperm count and sperm motility. Some STDs are the disease that can lead to blocking of the male epididymis which transports the sperms to the seminal fluid and can lead to infertility.
e) Unhealthy lifestyle: It has been found that there are some of the few lifestyle choices and habits which can lead to decreased sperm count and these are:
- Unhealthy eating habits, such as junk food, packed food, lacking in zinc, vitamin C and iron, etc. can affect your sperm count.
- If you wear tight underwear can also lower your sperm count by increasing the scrotal temperature.
- Smoking cigarette and excessive consumption of alcohol can lead to hormonal imbalances which result in low sperm counts and infertility.
- An excess amount of stress at your work or at home can also affect your sperm count and hormonal balance.
- Excess consumption of steroids also results in infertility from testicular shrinkage and extreme or heavy exercises may also lead to infertility in men.