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Surrogacy is the second name of god for those couples who are infertile. Surrogacy process requires two parties, one intended parent who want to have a child and other is a surrogate, who is willing to help them to complete their family. A woman carries and gives birth to a baby for the couple who want to have a child. In the surrogacy, the woman gets paid off by the couples. Once the couple found a surrogate, they can begin the medical proceedings for which they need to sign a legal agreement in which rights of surrogate and intended parent is clearly available and have some rules or laws that need to be followed during the whole procedure by both the parties. The legal process is also tricky because it varies from state to state. You may want to think about surrogacy if you tried but couldn’t get pregnant with a variety of assisted-reproduction techniques, such as IVF. Surrogates have also made parenthood an option for people who might not be able to adopt a child, perhaps because of their age or marital status.

There are two types of surrogate mother

Traditional Surrogate: Traditional surrogacy is the simplest and least expensive form of surrogacy. The surrogate mother uses an insemination kit to become pregnant using the intended father’s semen. She then carries the baby and delivers the child. A traditional surrogate is the baby’s biological mother.
Gestational surrogates: A technique called “in vitro fertilization” (IVF) now makes it possible to gather eggs from the mother, fertilize them with sperm from the father, and place the embryo into the uterus of a gestational surrogate. The surrogate mother does not use her own eggs. The surrogate then carries the baby until birth.

Surrogacy Qualifications

In surrogacy, qualification is now very important. Most surrogacy agencies and fertility clinics require surrogates to meet the following general qualifications:

  • Be in good physical and mental health
  • Have carried and delivered at least one child
  • Have had pregnancies that were all free of complications and were full-term
  • Be less than 43 years of age (some clinics will accept older woman in certain circumstances; others have younger age cut-offs for all surrogates);
  • Be in a stable living situation; and
  • Not smoke or abuse alcohol.
Risks in Surrogacy

Multiple Births: Having multiple births is the single greatest health risk in IVF or surrogacy.
Infection: when the eggs are removed and insert through the vagina into the uterus. There is a risk of infection into the body.
Drug Reaction: some medicines involve hot flushes due to this you may feel down, irritable, headaches, abdominal pain and mood swings.
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS): In OHSS, the ovaries enlarge and become painful, causing abdominal discomfort.
Breast Tenderness: Breast problems are more common in infertile women. Monthly breast self-examination is recommended for all women. There is no screening method for breast cancer.
Nausea and vomiting: It is not uncommon to have a sore throat following a procedure and post-operative nausea and vomiting occur in some patients.
Cervical Cancer: Cervical cancer can be screened by cervical cytology. The etiology of cervical cancer is related to sexual activity.
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