What is IVF

IVF is a process by which a range of fertility issues can be overcome and outside the body,an egg and sperm can be joined in a specialized laboratory and then transferring the embryo to the uterus. The treatment can be performed using your own eggs and sperm, or using either donated sperm or donated eggs, or both.

happy test-tube baby on white background, isolated, horizontal photo

happy test-tube baby on white background, isolated, horizontal photo

It is a complex series of procedures used to treat genetic and fertility problems and assist with the conception of achild. One cycle of IVF takes two weeks. It is the most effective form of assisted reproductive technology.

During IVF, mature eggs are received from ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a lab. After this fertilized eggs or eggs are well established in the uterus. This process is helpful for the couple those are infertile and unable to get pregnant.

IVF was originally devised to overcome infertility caused by blocked or absent fallopian tubes. Today, IVF is used to treat much more reproductive problems, including irregular ovulation, low sperm count or motility, and unexplained infertility.

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If the fallopian tubes are damaged or the sperm is poor, it is obviously the only acceptable treatment. It is also usually the most effective treatment for most other types of infertility as well. The eggs are fertilized in thelaboratory and the resulting embryos than are placed into the uterus 2 to 5 days later.

IVF has evolved into a treatment for many different kinds of infertility, including infertility caused by Endometriosis, male factor infertility and unexplained infertility who have not been able to become pregnant with other fertility treatments.


Why IVF is required

IVF can be used as an effective treatment for infertility of all causes except for women with infertility caused by an anatomic problem with the uterus, such as severe intrauterine adhesions. Couples are unable to get pregnant because of some reasons.

  • Blocked fallopian tubes
  • Male infertility
  • Severe endometriosis
  • Unexplained infertility


How does IVF work

IVF treatment demands a high level of expertise and details, an expert doctor coordinated effort between you and your partner. IVF consist of various steps.

  • Before your treatment starts, you will need to complete various consent forms. You and, if applicable, your partner may also need to have blood tests to screen for HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C.
  • An egg is taken from your ovary, and healthy sperm is selected from a sample produced by your male partner (or sperm donor). Some couples may also use an egg donor during IVF.
  • The egg and sperm are mixed together in a culture dish where fertilization takes place.
  • The resulting embryo is transferred into your uterus.


IVF Success Rate

The outcomes of IVF vary dramatically, depending on each couple’s reasons for infertility and their ages. The success rate will depend on your age, with a higher success rate in younger couples. IVF worked for 32.2% for women under 35, 21% for women between 38 and 39 and 2% for women 45 or over. Success rates decline as women age and significantly drop off after age 35.



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